Module: rtclite.std.ietf.rfc3264
# Copyright (c) 2007, Kundan Singh. All rights reserved. See LICENSE for details.
This file implements RFC3264 (offer-answer)
# implements only for unicast ''' The SDP offer/answer model for unicast sessions. Suppose the offerer wants to support PCMU and PCMA audio and H261 video, it can use the following code to generate the offer SDP. >>> from rfc4566 import SDP, attrs as format >>> from rfc3264 import createOffer, createAnswer >>> audio ='audio', port='9000') >>> audio.fmt = [format(pt=0, name='PCMU', rate=8000), format(pt=8, name='PCMA', rate=8000)] >>> video ='video', port='9002') >>> video.fmt = [format(pt=31, name='H261', rate=90000)] >>> offer = createOffer([audio, video]) >>> >>> offer.o.sessionid = offer.o.version = 1192000146 # so that testing doesn't depend on time >>> offer.o.address = '' # or IP address >>> print str(offer).replace('\\r', '\\\\r').replace('\\n', '\\\\n') v=0\\r\\no=- 1192000146 1192000146 IN IP4\\r\\ns=-\\r\\nt=0 0\\r\\nm=audio 9000 RTP/AVP 0 8\\r\\na=rtpmap:0 PCMU/8000\\r\\na=rtpmap:8 PCMA/8000\\r\\nm=video 9002 RTP/AVP 31\\r\\na=rtpmap:31 H261/90000\\r\\n When the offer is received by the answerer, it can use the following code to generate the answer. Suppose the answerer wants to support PCMU and GSM audio and no video. >>> from rfc4566 import SDP, attrs as format >>> from rfc3264 import createAnswer >>> audio ='audio', port='8020') >>> audio.fmt = [format(pt=0), format(pt=3)] # for known payload types, description is optional >>> answer = createAnswer([audio], offer) >>> >>> answer.o.sessionid = answer.o.version = 1192000146 >>> answer.o.address = '' >>> print str(answer).replace('\\r', '\\\\r').replace('\\n', '\\\\n') v=0\\r\\no=- 1192000146 1192000146 IN IP4\\r\\ns=-\\r\\nt=0 0\\r\\nm=audio 8020 RTP/AVP 0\\r\\na=rtpmap:0 PCMU/8000\\r\\nm=video 0 RTP/AVP 31\\r\\na=rtpmap:31 H261/90000\\r\\n Suppose the offerer wants to change the offer (e.g., using SIP re-INVITE) by removing video from the offer; it should reuse the previous offer as follows: newOffer = createOffer([audio], offer) '''
From RFC3264 p.1
   This document defines a mechanism by which two entities can make use
   of the Session Description Protocol (SDP) to arrive at a common view
   of a multimedia session between them.  In the model, one participant
   offers the other a description of the desired session from their
   perspective, and the other participant answers with the desired
   session from their perspective.  This offer/answer model is most
   useful in unicast sessions where information from both participants
   is needed for the complete view of the session.  The offer/answer
   model is used by protocols like the Session Initiation Protocol
From RFC3264 p.3
   The means by which the offers and answers are conveyed are outside
   the scope of this document.  The offer/answer model defined here is
   the mandatory baseline mechanism used by the Session Initiation
   Protocol (SIP) [7].
import logging from .rfc4566 import SDP, attrs as format # although RFC 3264 used old RFC 2327 for SDP definition, we use new RFC 4566 logger = logging.getLogger('rfc3264')
From RFC3264 p.4
      Media Stream: From RTSP [8], a media stream is a single media
         instance, e.g., an audio stream or a video stream as well as a
         single whiteboard or shared application group.  In SDP, a media
         stream is described by an "m=" line and its associated
# A media stream is implemented by class of std.rfc4566 module
From RFC3264 p.5
5 Generating the Initial Offer

   The offer (and answer) MUST be a valid SDP message, as defined by RFC
   2327 [1], with one exception.  RFC 2327 mandates that either an e or
   a p line is present in the SDP message.  This specification relaxes
   that constraint; an SDP formulated for an offer/answer application
   MAY omit both the e and p lines.  The numeric value of the session id
   and version in the o line MUST be representable with a 64 bit signed
   integer.  The initial value of the version MUST be less than
   (2**62)-1, to avoid rollovers.  Although the SDP specification allows
   for multiple session descriptions to be concatenated together into a
   large SDP message, an SDP message used in the offer/answer model MUST
   contain exactly one session description.

   The SDP "s=" line conveys the subject of the session, which is
   reasonably defined for multicast, but ill defined for unicast.  For
   unicast sessions, it is RECOMMENDED that it consist of a single space
   character (0x20) or a dash (-).

      Unfortunately, SDP does not allow the "s=" line to be empty.

   The SDP "t=" line conveys the time of the session.  Generally,
   streams for unicast sessions are created and destroyed through
   external signaling means, such as SIP.  In that case, the "t=" line
   SHOULD have a value of "0 0".

   The offer will contain zero or more media streams (each media stream
   is described by an "m=" line and its associated attributes).  Zero
   media streams implies that the offerer wishes to communicate, but
   that the streams for the session will be added at a later time
   through a modified offer.  The streams MAY be for a mix of unicast
   and multicast; the latter obviously implies a multicast address in
   the relevant "c=" line(s).

   Construction of each offered stream depends on whether the stream is
   multicast or unicast.
def createOffer(streams, previous=None, **kwargs): '''Create an offer SDP using local (streams) list of media Stream objects. If a previous offer/answer SDP is specified then it creates a modified offer. Additionally, the optional keyword arguments such as e and p can be specified.''' s = SDP() s.v = '0' for a in "iep": # add optioanl e and p headers if present if a in kwargs: s[a] = kwargs[a] s.o = SDP.originator(previous and str(previous.o) or None) if previous: s.o.version = s.o.version + 1 s.s = '-' s.t = ['0 0'] # because t= can appear multiple times, it is a list. s.m = streams return s def createAnswer(streams, offer, **kwargs): '''Create an answer SDP for the remote offer SDP using local (streams) list of media Stream objects.''' s = SDP() s.v = '0' for a in "iep": if a in kwargs: s[a] = kwargs[a] s.o = SDP.originator() s.s = '-' s.t = offer.t s.m = [] streams = list(streams) # so that original list is not modified for your in offer.m: # for each m= line in offer my, i = None, 0 # answered stream while i < len(streams): if streams[i].media == # match the first stream in streams my = streams[i].dup() # found, hence del streams[i] # remove from streams so that we don't match again for another m= found = [] for fy in your.fmt: # all offered formats, find the matching pairs for fm in my.fmt:# the preference order is from offer, hence do for fy, then for fm. try: fmpt, fypt = int(, int( # try using numeric payload type except: fmpt = fypt = -1 if 0<=fmpt<32 and 0<=fypt<32 and fmpt == fypt \ or fmpt<0 and fypt<0 and == \ or str( == str( and fm.rate == fy.rate and fm.count == fy.count: # we don't match the params found.append((fy, fm)); break if found: # we found some matching formats, put them in my.fmt = map(lambda x: x[0], found) # use remote's fy including else: my.fmt = [format(pt=0)] # no match in formats, but matched media, must put a format with payload type 0 my.port = 0 # and reset the port. break else: i = i + 1 if not my: # did not match the stream, must put a stream with port = 0 my = my.port = 0 s.m.append(my) # append it to our media valid = False for my in s.m: # check if any valid matching stream is present with valid port if my.port != 0: valid = True break return valid and s or None # if no valid matching stream found, return None if __name__ == '__main__': import doctest doctest.testmod()